Mold Standards & Classifications

Edit:BET Time:2016-09-18 View:419

The following classifications are guidelines to be used in obtaining02.jpg

quotations and placing orders for 

uniform types of molds. These classifications are for mold specifications only and in no way guarantee workmanship. This guide will attempt to give approximate cycles for each type of mold excluding wear caused by material abrasion, poor mold maintenance and improper molding technique. Maintenance is not the responsibility of the moldmaker. Normal maintenance such as replacement of broken springs, broken ejector pins, worn rings, or the rework of nicks and scratches 

should be borne by the molder. Mold rework costs should be closely considered when deciding which classification of mold is required. This document does not constitute a warranty or guarantee by the Society of the Plastics Industry, Inc., or its members for the classifications or specifications set forth herein. 


The following contains a brief synopsis of the various mold classifications and the detailed descriptions of each mold class. 


1. Customer to approve mold design prior to start of construction.

2. All molds, with the exception of prototype, to have adequate channels for temperature control.

3. Wherever feasible, all details should be marked with steel type and Rockwell hardness approximately .005 deep.

4. Customer name, part number, and mold number should be steel stamped on mold.

5. All molds should have eyebolt holes on the top side. There should be one above and one below the parting line to facilitate mold removal, if required, in halves.


Cycles: One million or more

Description: Built for extremely high production. This is the highest priced mold and is made with only the highest quality materials.

Detailed mold design required.

Mold base to be minimum hardness of 28 R/C.

Molding surfaces (cavities and cores) must be hardened to a minimum of 48 R/C range. All other 

details, such as sub-inserts, slides, heel blocks, gibs, wedge blocks, lifters, etc. should also be of hardened tool steels.

 Ejection should be guided.

 Slides must have wear plates.

 Temperature control provisions to be in cavities, cores and slide cores wherever possible.

 Over the life of a mold, corrosion in the cooling channels decreases cooling efficiency thus degrading 

part quality and increasing cycle time. It is therefore recommended that plates or inserts containing 

cooling channels be of a corrosive resistant material or treated to prevent corrosion.

 Parting line locks are required on all molds.


Cycles: Not exceeding one million

Description: Medium to high production mold, good for abrasive materials and/or parts requiring close 

tolerances. This is a high quality, fairly high priced mold.

Detailed mold design required. 

Mold base to be minimum hardness of 28 R/C. 

Molding surfaces should be hardened to a 48 R/C range. All other functional details should be made 

and heat treated. 

Temperature control provisions to be directly in the cavities, cores, and slide cores wherever possible. 

Parting line locks are recommended for all molds. 

The following items may or may not be required depending on the ultimate production quantities 

anticipated. It is recommended that those items desired be made a firm requirement for quoting 


a. Guided Ejection 

b. Slide Wear Plates 

c. Corrosive Resistant Temperature Control Channels 

d. Plated Cavities 


Cycles: Under 500,000

Description: Medium production mold. This is a very popular mold for low to medium production 

needs; most common price range.

 Detailed mold design recommended. 

 Mold base must be minimum hardness of 8 R/C.

 Cavity and cores must be 28 R/C or higher. 

 All other extras are optional. 


Cycles: Under 100,000

Description: Low production mold. Used only for limited production preferably with non-abrasive 

materials; low to moderate price range.

 Mold design recommended. 

 Mold base can be of mild steel or aluminum. 

 Cavities can be of aluminum, mild steel or any other agreed upon metal. 


Cycles: Not exceeding 500

Description: Prototype only. This mold will be constructed in the least expensive manner possible to 

produce a very limited quantity of prototype parts.

Molds may be constructed from cast metal or epoxy or any other material offering sufficient strength to produce minimum prototype pieces.


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